The installation of trams drives city regeneration urban development by making access cheap, easy, fast, pleasant and convenient

https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200405/cmselect/cmtran/378/378we39.htm

” 4.7  Light rail’s advantages over the bus alternative are reflected in the much higher levels of modal shift that light rail achieves. As set out in para 3.2, peak hour transfer from car to tram is consistently around 20%. This compares with estimates of between 4% and 6.5% resulting from significant improvements to bus corridors. Finally, as the SDG report shows, improvements to bus services (often perceived as potentially temporary) do not have the same catalytic effect on urban regeneration and city image that can be triggered by the tangible and permanent commitment to an area that light rail represents.

Metrolink has helped to create the modern Greater Manchester city-region by driving regeneration and employment in the areas it serves.

Last year saw a record-breaking 37 million passenger journeys and that number is continually growing.

https://www.wired.co.uk/article/trams-edinburgh-manchester-uk-transport-system

 

See also: https://bathtrams.uk/5756-2/

 

Trams are great for city transport – why doesn’t the UK have more?

and can help underpin neighborhood regeneration projects.

“Think of trams as an urban development project rather than a transport scheme,” says Martin Wedderburn, Transport Planner and Associate for thinktank the Centre for London. “The physical permanence of the rails has a much bigger impact on developers and investors, especially in the UK where bus routes can be changed or withdrawn at such short notice.”

Yet while light-rail use in England is at record highs of 268 million journeys, the highest since records began in 1983, they make up

https://www.wired.co.uk/article/trams-edinburgh-manchester-uk-transport-system

 

 

 

The renaissance of tramways and urban redevelopment in France

 

 

https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/mgrsd.2017.21.issue-1/mgrsd-2017-0005/mgrsd-2017-0005.pdf

What light rail can do for cities:

http://www.bathtram.org/tfb/tF30selcom050403.pdf